Skip to Content
Photograph of 5 women from AKA Sorority

The Mississippi Health Project II: AKA Revisits Its Model for Community Health Care

Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. Revisits the Mississippi Delta

Photograph of Sign for the Mississippi Health Project II

Sign for the Mississippi Health Project II

As a service organization, Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. (AKA) hosted health clinics in June and October of 2021 to administer medical care to underserved communities across five counties in and around the Mississippi Delta. Dubbed the Mississippi Health Project II, the mobile clinic underscored the same spirit of service demonstrated by AKA’s previous Mississippi Health Project, carried out each summer from 1935 to 1942. Through local partnerships with the Delta Health Center, Mallory Community Health Center, and Walgreens, the clinics provided COVID-19 testing and vaccines, flu shots, HIV testing, vital signs screening, and eye and breast examinations. Participants included the Fannie Lou Hamer Cancer Foundation, named for the influential Civil Rights activist and lifelong Mississippi resident, who lost her life to complications from untreated breast cancer. Over the three-day period, a host of AKA volunteers worked with health care professionals and executives to serve hundreds of residents.

Photograph of Sign for the Mississippi Health Project II

Sign for the Mississippi Health Project II

It’s do or die for us. We’re in an area that’s often overlooked, that’s underserved. So as a service organization, we’re here to serve. . . . If we can save one life from this, we will have achieved our goal.

Glenda Glover, International President and CEO of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc., Video interview in Mississippi, June 7, 2021

Image of Youtube Video

Onsite in the Delta, June 2021

AKA’s Mississippi Health Project: A New Model for Community Medical Care

Photograph of Dr. Dorothy Ferebee gives blood test to woman

Dr. Dorothy Ferebee gives blood test to a woman during AKA’s Mississippi Health Project, 1938

During the Great Depression, African American sharecroppers lived on remote plantations under oppressive conditions, lacking access to quality education and healthcare. In 1934, Ida Louise Jackson, president of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc., urged the entire organization to institute programs that would help eradicate such conditions. Soon thereafter, AKA established its first health project in Mound Bayou, Mississippi. When plantation owners refused tenants access to localized clinics, volunteers packed medical supplies into automobiles and brought their services to the families, creating the nation’s first mobile health clinic. Directed by physician Dorothy Boulding Ferebee, a member of the Howard University Medical School faculty, the Mississippi Health Project provided critical care to over 15,000 residents from 1935 to 1942. The mobile clinic in Mississippi raised national awareness about health issues faced by rural African Americans in the South and eventually became a model for community-based medical care in both rural and urban communities.

Photograph of Dr. Dorothy Ferebee gives blood test to woman

Dr. Dorothy Ferebee gives blood test to a woman during AKA’s Mississippi Health Project, 1938

Photograph of AKA’s volunteer medical team immunizes children against diphtheria

A member of AKA’s volunteer medical team immunizes children against diphtheria during sorority’s summer health clinic in the Mississippi Delta, 1938

Black and white photograph of 6 women

Charter members of the Rho Chapter, Alpha Kappa Alpha; Ida Louise Jackson, center

Dr. Dorothy Ferebee

“New Horizons For Women”

Form letter invitation for a talk by Dorothy Boulding Ferebee on “New Horizons for Women” in Baltimore. The letterhead reads [BALTIMORE BRANCH / NATIONAL COUNCIL OF NEGRO WOMEN / 3448 AUCHENTOROLY TERRACE / BALTIMORE, MARYLAND]. The invitation begins [Dear Friends: / We are happy to extend to you a most cordial invitation to / hear and meet in person our national president DR. DOROTHY BOULDING FERREBEE [sic] of Washington, D.C. on next Sunday June 8th, 4 p.m. at the Madison Street Presbyterian Church, Madison near North.] The second paragraph names Ferebee’s achievements and appointments in medicine and activism. The Baltimore Girls Sextette is listed as performers for the event. The letter is signed by Catherine Mayo, president of the NCNW Baltimore branch. The paper is creased and the reverse is blank.

Baltimore branch of the NCNW invites guests to public address by Dorothy Ferebee, 1952

Born to a prominent family in Norfolk, Virginia, Dorothy Boulding Ferebee (1898–1980) became a physician, administrator, and activist. Her father Benjamin Boulding worked as a superintendent for the U. S. Railway Mail Service, and her mother was active during the African American women’s club movement. After medical school at Tufts, Dr. Ferebee began her private medical practice and would later become a professor of obstetrics at the Howard University Medical School and director of Howard University's Health Services. In addition to her activism as president of the National Council of Negro Women (1949–1953) and her work on local medical projects, Ferebee worked internationally. In 1951, she served as a delegate to the International Council of Women in Greece. The following year, she was elected to the World Council of the World YWCA. In 1967 President Lyndon Johnson appointed her as one of five delegates to the World Health Organization’s twentieth assembly in Geneva, Switzerland.

Form letter invitation for a talk by Dorothy Boulding Ferebee on “New Horizons for Women” in Baltimore. The letterhead reads [BALTIMORE BRANCH / NATIONAL COUNCIL OF NEGRO WOMEN / 3448 AUCHENTOROLY TERRACE / BALTIMORE, MARYLAND]. The invitation begins [Dear Friends: / We are happy to extend to you a most cordial invitation to / hear and meet in person our national president DR. DOROTHY BOULDING FERREBEE [sic] of Washington, D.C. on next Sunday June 8th, 4 p.m. at the Madison Street Presbyterian Church, Madison near North.] The second paragraph names Ferebee’s achievements and appointments in medicine and activism. The Baltimore Girls Sextette is listed as performers for the event. The letter is signed by Catherine Mayo, president of the NCNW Baltimore branch. The paper is creased and the reverse is blank.

Baltimore branch of the NCNW invites guests to public address by Dorothy Ferebee, 1952

Read More Lesser Known Stories

Bridget “Biddy” Mason

Entrepreneur and philanthropist Bridget “Biddy” Mason helped to establish the First African Methodist Episcopal Church of Los Angeles.

Portrait of Bridget Biddy Mason

Education Crusader

Social worker, educator, and civil rights activist Vivian Carter Mason worked across racial lines to fight for equal education in Norfolk, Virginia.

Black and White Photograph of standing students

The Pacific Parachute Company

Skydiving entrepreneur Howard “Skippy” Smith founded one of the first Black-owned and managed war production plants during World War II.

Photograph of Workers at the Pacific Parachute Company

Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins

Literary author and editor Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins used the power of her pen to challenge society’s assumptions about Black women.

Cover image of "Contending Forces: A Romance Illustrative of Negro Life North and South"

Homer G. Phillips Hospital and School of Nursing

Homer G. Phillips Hospital served as a preeminent training facility for African American nurses and physicians during segregation.

Photograph of Homer G. Philips hospital and students