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Biography

Octavius Catto

    Printed cartoon showing the assignation of Octavius Catto in Philadelphia in 1871.

    Octavius Valentine Catto

    Octavius Valentine Catto

    Octavius Valentine Catto

    We shall never rest at ease, but will agitate and work, by our means and by our influence, in court and out of court, asking aid of the press, calling upon Christians to vindicate their Christianity, and the members of the law to assert the principles of the profession by granting us justice and right, until these invidious and unjust usages shall have ceased.

    Octavius Catto

    Fighting Segregation

    ‘Negro Expulsion from Railway Car, Philadelphia,’ The Illustrated London News, 1856

    ‘Negro Expulsion from Railway Car, Philadelphia,’ The Illustrated London News, 1856

    Murdered on Election Day

    Scene depicting the shooting of Octavius Catto on October 10, 1871

    Scene depicting the shooting of Octavius Catto on October 10, 1871

    Honoring Octavius Catto

    Octavius Catto Memorial in Philadelphia, 2017

    Octavius Catto Memorial in Philadelphia, 2017

    A photograph of an African American woman washing laundry outdoors in a yard. Clothes hand behind her on a line.

    Atlanta Washerwomen Strike

    In 1881, washerwomen in Atlanta formed a union and went on strike to demand better wages. Learn about the harsh conditions they faced and how they won.

    Black and white photograph of three children walking down street.  There are houses in the background.

    George Henry White

    George Henry White was the last African American congressman of the 1800s. Learn about his life before and after Congress and his commitment to justice.

    An illustration of a school house on fire. Some onlookers cheer, while others run towards help.

    Memphis Massacre

    In 1866, police and white civilians attacked the African American community in Memphis, Tennessee. Learn about the massacre and listen to survivor testimony.

    The inside title page is covered in decorative floral and leaf scroll work. The title reads, [ILLUMINATED / DIARY / for / 1868.]. Underneath is an illustrated image of the sea with a mast ship. The publisher below reads, [PUBLISHED BY / TAGGARD & THOMPSON, No. 29 CORNHILL, / BOSTON.]

    The Remarkable Rollin Sisters

    The Rollin sisters shaped the politics of Reconstruction-era South Carolina. Learn how they challenged society’s views of Black women and fought for equality.