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Slavery & Freedom: Featured Resources

Colored Conventions Project

Explore the history of African American political meetings from the 1830s through Reconstruction, a foundational model for African American campaigns for civil and human rights

Image of Colored Conventions Project site

Curator’s Tour of Slavery and Freedom

C-SPAN

Curator Mary Elliott provides a brief but insightful tour of the NMAAHC Slavery and Freedom exhibition

Image of CSPAN tour video

Enslaved

Peoples of the Historical Slave Trade

This innovative and comprehensive database includes over 900,000 records related to the lives of individuals who were enslaved or enslavers

Image of the Enslaved site

How Does a Museum Curator Work?

Slate

Mary Elliott, co-curator of the NMAAHC Slavery and Freedom exhibition, discusses her work and the role of a curator in this 2016 interview

Cover image from Slate How Does a Curator Work

Iziko Museums of South Africa

A collection of 11 national museums in Cape Town featuring natural and social history and art collections, and repository of the São José slave ship artifacts

Image from Iziko Museums of South Africa site

South Carolina Historical Society

Repository for the Glennie journal and more, the historical society features extensive archives and collections related to African American history and is a rich genealogical resource

Image from South Carolina Historical Society site

Colored Conventions Project

Explore the history of African American political meetings from the 1830s through Reconstruction, a foundational model for African American campaigns for civil and human rights

Image of Colored Conventions Project site

Curator’s Tour of Slavery and Freedom

C-SPAN

Curator Mary Elliott provides a brief but insightful tour of the NMAAHC Slavery and Freedom exhibition

Image of CSPAN tour video

Enslaved

Peoples of the Historical Slave Trade

This innovative and comprehensive database includes over 900,000 records related to the lives of individuals who were enslaved or enslavers

Image of the Enslaved site

How Does a Museum Curator Work?

Slate

Mary Elliott, co-curator of the NMAAHC Slavery and Freedom exhibition, discusses her work and the role of a curator in this 2016 interview

Cover image from Slate How Does a Curator Work

Iziko Museums of South Africa

A collection of 11 national museums in Cape Town featuring natural and social history and art collections, and repository of the São José slave ship artifacts

Image from Iziko Museums of South Africa site

South Carolina Historical Society

Repository for the Glennie journal and more, the historical society features extensive archives and collections related to African American history and is a rich genealogical resource

Image from South Carolina Historical Society site

Slavery & Freedom: Databases & Digital Humanities Projects

Born in Slavery

Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project

This Library of Congress collection contains more than 2,300 first-person accounts of slavery collected in the 1930s and 500 black-and-white photographs of former enslaved people

The Celia Project

A Research Collaboration on the History of Slavery and Sexual Violence

Scholars of history, literature, and law consider Celia v. State of Missouri, which illustrates the centrality of state-sanctioned violence in the lives of enslaved women

Colored Conventions Project

Explore the history of African American political meetings from the 1830s through Reconstruction, a foundational model for African American campaigns for civil and human rights

Image of Colored Conventions Project site

Digital Archaeological Archive of Comparative Slavery

Scholarly research on slavery throughout the Chesapeake, the Carolinas, and the Caribbean

Enslaved

Peoples of the Historical Slave Trade

This innovative and comprehensive database includes over 900,000 records related to the lives of individuals who were enslaved or enslavers

Image of the Enslaved site

First Blacks in the Americas

The African Presence in the Dominican Republic

Historical resource on the Black African presence in the first colonial society of the Americas, named La Española (today’s Dominican Republic) by Spanish colonizers

Freedom on the Move

Rediscovering the Stories of Self-Liberating People

An interactive database compiling thousands of stories of resistance, using runaway ads to tell the story of fugitives from North American slavery

Image from Freedom on the Move site

Born in Slavery

Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project

This Library of Congress collection contains more than 2,300 first-person accounts of slavery collected in the 1930s and 500 black-and-white photographs of former enslaved people

The Celia Project

A Research Collaboration on the History of Slavery and Sexual Violence

Scholars of history, literature, and law consider Celia v. State of Missouri, which illustrates the centrality of state-sanctioned violence in the lives of enslaved women

Colored Conventions Project

Explore the history of African American political meetings from the 1830s through Reconstruction, a foundational model for African American campaigns for civil and human rights

Image of Colored Conventions Project site

Digital Archaeological Archive of Comparative Slavery

Scholarly research on slavery throughout the Chesapeake, the Carolinas, and the Caribbean

Enslaved

Peoples of the Historical Slave Trade

This innovative and comprehensive database includes over 900,000 records related to the lives of individuals who were enslaved or enslavers

Image of the Enslaved site

First Blacks in the Americas

The African Presence in the Dominican Republic

Historical resource on the Black African presence in the first colonial society of the Americas, named La Española (today’s Dominican Republic) by Spanish colonizers

Freedom on the Move

Rediscovering the Stories of Self-Liberating People

An interactive database compiling thousands of stories of resistance, using runaway ads to tell the story of fugitives from North American slavery

Image from Freedom on the Move site

Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition

The Yale GLC is dedicated to the investigation and dissemination of knowledge concerning slavery and its legacies across all borders and all time.

Image of Gilder Lehrman Center site

Mapping Marronage

An interactive visualization of the trans-Atlantic networks of intellectual, creative, and political exchange created by enslaved people of African descent in the 18th and 19th century

Image from Mapping Marronage site

The New York Times 1619 Project

They Sold Human Beings Here

Providing a more equitable mapping of American history, this scholar-produced site shows former slave sale sites in the present day

Image from 1619 Project in New York Times Article

Slave Societies Digital Archive

Explore over 700,000 digital images of ecclesiastical and secular documents related to African and African-descended people in slave societies, including details of other societal members

Image from Slave Societies Digital Archive

Slave Voyages

Search these records to learn about the broad origins and forced relocations of more than 12 million African people who were sent across the Atlantic in slave ships

Slavery Images

A visual archive of hundreds of historical images, paintings, lithographs, and photographs illustrating the African slave trade and the lives of enslaved Africans and their descendants

Image from Slavery Images database site

Two Plantations

This website displays research into the lives of 431 enslaved people in seven multi-generational families at Mesopotamia plantation in Jamaica and Mount Airy plantation in Virginia

Image from Two Plantations site

Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition

The Yale GLC is dedicated to the investigation and dissemination of knowledge concerning slavery and its legacies across all borders and all time.

Image of Gilder Lehrman Center site

Mapping Marronage

An interactive visualization of the trans-Atlantic networks of intellectual, creative, and political exchange created by enslaved people of African descent in the 18th and 19th century

Image from Mapping Marronage site

The New York Times 1619 Project

They Sold Human Beings Here

Providing a more equitable mapping of American history, this scholar-produced site shows former slave sale sites in the present day

Image from 1619 Project in New York Times Article

Slave Societies Digital Archive

Explore over 700,000 digital images of ecclesiastical and secular documents related to African and African-descended people in slave societies, including details of other societal members

Image from Slave Societies Digital Archive

Slave Voyages

Search these records to learn about the broad origins and forced relocations of more than 12 million African people who were sent across the Atlantic in slave ships

Slavery Images

A visual archive of hundreds of historical images, paintings, lithographs, and photographs illustrating the African slave trade and the lives of enslaved Africans and their descendants

Image from Slavery Images database site

Two Plantations

This website displays research into the lives of 431 enslaved people in seven multi-generational families at Mesopotamia plantation in Jamaica and Mount Airy plantation in Virginia

Image from Two Plantations site

Slavery & Freedom: Blogs, Podcasts, and Videos

#ADPHD

(African Diaspora, Ph.D.)

A curated blog highlighting scholarship and scholars in the field of Atlantic and African Diaspora history from the 15th century into the late 1800s

Image from ADPHD site

How Does a Museum Curator Work?

Slate

Mary Elliott, co-curator of the NMAAHC Slavery and Freedom exhibition, discusses her work and the role of a curator in this 2016 interview

Cover image from Slate How Does a Curator Work

Curator’s Tour of Slavery and Freedom

C-SPAN

Curator Mary Elliott provides a brief but insightful tour of the NMAAHC Slavery and Freedom exhibition

Image of CSPAN tour video

#ADPHD

(African Diaspora, Ph.D.)

A curated blog highlighting scholarship and scholars in the field of Atlantic and African Diaspora history from the 15th century into the late 1800s

Image from ADPHD site

How Does a Museum Curator Work?

Slate

Mary Elliott, co-curator of the NMAAHC Slavery and Freedom exhibition, discusses her work and the role of a curator in this 2016 interview

Cover image from Slate How Does a Curator Work

Curator’s Tour of Slavery and Freedom

C-SPAN

Curator Mary Elliott provides a brief but insightful tour of the NMAAHC Slavery and Freedom exhibition

Image of CSPAN tour video

Slavery & Freedom: Sites of Interest

Cane River Creole National Historical Park

Preserves and tells the stories of the Creole community and Oakland and Magnolia Plantations in Louisiana, two of the most intact Creole cotton plantations in the United States

Image from Cane River Creole National Historical Park

The Charleston Museum

Repository for the historic Old Slave Mart red flag, this museum educates visitors on the natural and cultural landscape of the South Carolina Lowcountry

Image of the The Charleston Museum site

Drayton Hall

An important site to learn about early colonial North American history and the African American experience, particularly seeing up close the landscape built by enslaved Black people

Edisto Island Museum

Home of the Edisto Island Historic Preservation Society

A tremendous local history resource on Edisto Island in South Carolina, the original site of the Point of Pines slave cabin featured in the Slavery and Freedom exhibition

Image from Edisto Island Museum site

Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology

This museum, which houses the second largest collection of Ife busts cast from the original sculptures, encourages connection, reflection on alternative perspectives, and action for positive change

Image from Phoebe A Hearst Museum of Anthropology site

Cane River Creole National Historical Park

Preserves and tells the stories of the Creole community and Oakland and Magnolia Plantations in Louisiana, two of the most intact Creole cotton plantations in the United States

Image from Cane River Creole National Historical Park

The Charleston Museum

Repository for the historic Old Slave Mart red flag, this museum educates visitors on the natural and cultural landscape of the South Carolina Lowcountry

Image of the The Charleston Museum site

Drayton Hall

An important site to learn about early colonial North American history and the African American experience, particularly seeing up close the landscape built by enslaved Black people

Edisto Island Museum

Home of the Edisto Island Historic Preservation Society

A tremendous local history resource on Edisto Island in South Carolina, the original site of the Point of Pines slave cabin featured in the Slavery and Freedom exhibition

Image from Edisto Island Museum site

Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology

This museum, which houses the second largest collection of Ife busts cast from the original sculptures, encourages connection, reflection on alternative perspectives, and action for positive change

Image from Phoebe A Hearst Museum of Anthropology site

The Historic New Orleans Collection

Museum, research center, and publisher dedicated to preserving the history and culture of New Orleans and the Gulf South

Image from the Historic New Orleans Collection site

Iziko Museums of South Africa

A collection of 11 national museums in Cape Town featuring natural and social history and art collections, and repository of the São José slave ship artifacts

Image from Iziko Museums of South Africa site

Massachusetts Historical Society

The historic repository that maintains objects from Mum Bett and the Bucks of America believes historical understanding is critical to creating a better world

Image from the Massachusetts Historical Society site

Middleton Place

National Historic Landmark

The repository that maintains the iconic object simply known as “Ashley’s Sack,” Middleton Place tells the story of the African American experience beyond the fields

Image for Middleton Place site

Monticello

Premier home of Thomas Jefferson, the nation’s second president and author of the Declaration of Independence, features stories of African Americans enslaved at Monticello

Image from the Monticello site

The Historic New Orleans Collection

Museum, research center, and publisher dedicated to preserving the history and culture of New Orleans and the Gulf South

Image from the Historic New Orleans Collection site

Iziko Museums of South Africa

A collection of 11 national museums in Cape Town featuring natural and social history and art collections, and repository of the São José slave ship artifacts

Image from Iziko Museums of South Africa site

Massachusetts Historical Society

The historic repository that maintains objects from Mum Bett and the Bucks of America believes historical understanding is critical to creating a better world

Image from the Massachusetts Historical Society site

Middleton Place

National Historic Landmark

The repository that maintains the iconic object simply known as “Ashley’s Sack,” Middleton Place tells the story of the African American experience beyond the fields

Image for Middleton Place site

Monticello

Premier home of Thomas Jefferson, the nation’s second president and author of the Declaration of Independence, features stories of African Americans enslaved at Monticello

Image from the Monticello site

Mother Bethel AME Church

Visit Philadelphia

The first African Methodist Episcopal Church in the nation, founded by Bishop Richard Allen, continues worship services and includes a museum

Image from Visit Philadelphia of the Mother Bethel AME Church site

Robert S. Peabody Institute of Archaeology

At Phillips Academy Andover

Maintains the collection of Lucy Foster artifacts, from the earliest excavation site of African American history

Image of the Peabody Institute of Archaeology site

Preservation Virginia

Preserves, interprets, and presents the stories of key historic sites of Virginia, including Bacon’s Rebellion and Historic Jamestowne

Image of Preservation Virginia site

Rhode Island Historical Society

The fourth oldest historical society in the nation, this organization holds the largest and most important collection relating to Rhode Island

Image of Rhode Island Historical Society site

South Carolina Historical Society

Repository for the Glennie journal and more, the historical society features extensive archives and collections related to African American history and is a rich genealogical resource

Image from South Carolina Historical Society site

Mother Bethel AME Church

Visit Philadelphia

The first African Methodist Episcopal Church in the nation, founded by Bishop Richard Allen, continues worship services and includes a museum

Image from Visit Philadelphia of the Mother Bethel AME Church site

Robert S. Peabody Institute of Archaeology

At Phillips Academy Andover

Maintains the collection of Lucy Foster artifacts, from the earliest excavation site of African American history

Image of the Peabody Institute of Archaeology site

Preservation Virginia

Preserves, interprets, and presents the stories of key historic sites of Virginia, including Bacon’s Rebellion and Historic Jamestowne

Image of Preservation Virginia site

Rhode Island Historical Society

The fourth oldest historical society in the nation, this organization holds the largest and most important collection relating to Rhode Island

Image of Rhode Island Historical Society site

South Carolina Historical Society

Repository for the Glennie journal and more, the historical society features extensive archives and collections related to African American history and is a rich genealogical resource

Image from South Carolina Historical Society site

Making a Way Out of No Way: Databases and Research Guides

HBCU Library Alliance

A Digital Collection Celebrating the Founding of the Historically Black College and University

Browse this online collection dedicated to preserving images from Historically Black Colleges and Universities

Screenshot of HBCU Digital Library

History of the HBCU (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)

Learn more about the histories of Historically Black Colleges and Universities and browse a listing of resources at Virginia State University, University Libraries

HBCU History Library screenshot

Booker T. Washington, Julius Rosenwald, and Modernized Schools

(H)our History Lesson

The National Park Service provides this lesson plan for teachers on the history of Booker T. Washington, Julius Rosenwald, and their work developing the Rosenwald Schools

Screenshot of (H)our History Lesson Site

Center for Black Business History, Entrepreneurship, and Technology

The University of Texas at Austin

Founded in 2002 by Professor Juliet E. K. Walker, the center promotes the study of Black business from various disciplines in liberal arts

Center for Black Business History, Entrepreneurship, and Technology site screenshot

History and Legacy of Black Entrepreneurship in the United States

Keller Center at Princeton University

Lectures and workshops from a 2021 scholarly forum on the history of Black entrepreneurship and innovation

HBCU Library Alliance

A Digital Collection Celebrating the Founding of the Historically Black College and University

Browse this online collection dedicated to preserving images from Historically Black Colleges and Universities

Screenshot of HBCU Digital Library

History of the HBCU (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)

Learn more about the histories of Historically Black Colleges and Universities and browse a listing of resources at Virginia State University, University Libraries

HBCU History Library screenshot

Booker T. Washington, Julius Rosenwald, and Modernized Schools

(H)our History Lesson

The National Park Service provides this lesson plan for teachers on the history of Booker T. Washington, Julius Rosenwald, and their work developing the Rosenwald Schools

Screenshot of (H)our History Lesson Site

Center for Black Business History, Entrepreneurship, and Technology

The University of Texas at Austin

Founded in 2002 by Professor Juliet E. K. Walker, the center promotes the study of Black business from various disciplines in liberal arts

Center for Black Business History, Entrepreneurship, and Technology site screenshot

History and Legacy of Black Entrepreneurship in the United States

Keller Center at Princeton University

Lectures and workshops from a 2021 scholarly forum on the history of Black entrepreneurship and innovation

BlackPast.org

Business Archives

Browse business-related entries from this online reference center devoted to African American history

Screenshot of BlackPast.org

Spreading the Word Project

Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta University Center

Explore digitized collections of rare materials documenting African American religion from the 1930s to the 2000s

Prince Hall Freemasonry: A Resources Guide

Library of Congress

The Library of Congress provides a guide to the numerous materials in its holdings related to Prince Hall Masons including manuscripts, photographs, and books

Screenshot of Prince Hall Research Guide

Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters Collection

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library

The Schomburg Center holds materials reflecting the activities of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (1939–1987), the union organization founded by A. Philip Randolph

Screenshot of Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture

National Newspaper Publishers Association

Trade association of the more than 200 African American-owned community newspapers from around the U.S. and producer of the BlackPressUSA Network

NNPA Screenshot

Black Press Research Collective

Digital scholarship and archival resources relating to the historical and contemporary role of Black newspapers in African Diasporic communities

SMMW018 BPRC Screenshot resize

Black Quotidian

Everyday History in African American Newspapers

Digital humanities project by scholar Matthew F. Delmont explores the history of daily life in the 20th century through the lens of the Black press

Screenshot of Black Quotidian webpage

BlackPast.org

Business Archives

Browse business-related entries from this online reference center devoted to African American history

Screenshot of BlackPast.org

Spreading the Word Project

Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta University Center

Explore digitized collections of rare materials documenting African American religion from the 1930s to the 2000s

Prince Hall Freemasonry: A Resources Guide

Library of Congress

The Library of Congress provides a guide to the numerous materials in its holdings related to Prince Hall Masons including manuscripts, photographs, and books

Screenshot of Prince Hall Research Guide

Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters Collection

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library

The Schomburg Center holds materials reflecting the activities of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (1939–1987), the union organization founded by A. Philip Randolph

Screenshot of Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture

National Newspaper Publishers Association

Trade association of the more than 200 African American-owned community newspapers from around the U.S. and producer of the BlackPressUSA Network

NNPA Screenshot

Black Press Research Collective

Digital scholarship and archival resources relating to the historical and contemporary role of Black newspapers in African Diasporic communities

SMMW018 BPRC Screenshot resize

Black Quotidian

Everyday History in African American Newspapers

Digital humanities project by scholar Matthew F. Delmont explores the history of daily life in the 20th century through the lens of the Black press

Screenshot of Black Quotidian webpage

Making a Way Out of No Way: Sites of Interest

Mary McLeod Bethune Council House

National Historic Site

Interprets the life and legacy of Mary McLeod Bethune, specifically focusing on her career in Washington, D.C., and the work and legacy of the National Council of Negro Women, Inc. (NCNW)

Screenshot Mary McLeod Bethune Council House

National Civil Rights Museum

At the Lorraine Motel

Established in 1991 at the site of Martin Luther King Jr.’s assassination, this museum’s mission is to share the culture and lessons from the American Civil Rights Movement and explore how this significant era continues to shape equality and freedom globally

National Civil Rights Museum site screenshot

Rosenwald Schools

National Trust for Historic Preservation African American Cultural Heritage Action Fund

Explore more about the Rosenwald Schools and other building, landscape, and community preservation projects

Screenshot of Rosenwald Schools National Trust for Historic Preservation site

Jackson Ward Walking Tour Podcast

Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site

Explore the historic Jackson Ward neighborhood in Richmond, Virginia, a nationally important center of African American cultural and economic activity during the early 20th century

Jackson Ward Walking Tour Podcast screenshot

Mary McLeod Bethune Council House

National Historic Site

Interprets the life and legacy of Mary McLeod Bethune, specifically focusing on her career in Washington, D.C., and the work and legacy of the National Council of Negro Women, Inc. (NCNW)

Screenshot Mary McLeod Bethune Council House

National Civil Rights Museum

At the Lorraine Motel

Established in 1991 at the site of Martin Luther King Jr.’s assassination, this museum’s mission is to share the culture and lessons from the American Civil Rights Movement and explore how this significant era continues to shape equality and freedom globally

National Civil Rights Museum site screenshot

Rosenwald Schools

National Trust for Historic Preservation African American Cultural Heritage Action Fund

Explore more about the Rosenwald Schools and other building, landscape, and community preservation projects

Screenshot of Rosenwald Schools National Trust for Historic Preservation site

Jackson Ward Walking Tour Podcast

Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site

Explore the historic Jackson Ward neighborhood in Richmond, Virginia, a nationally important center of African American cultural and economic activity during the early 20th century

Jackson Ward Walking Tour Podcast screenshot