An Enterprising Spirit
In pursuing the American dream of economic opportunity, African Americans created institutions to serve, sustain, and empower Black communities. Skilled artisans, inventors, and entrepreneurs who achieved financial success invested their wealth to help open doors for others. Black-owned businesses provided goods, services, and employment. Many businesses that operated in Black neighborhoods and commercial districts also served as sites of social interaction. As African Americans integrated the workforce and the marketplace, they led efforts to promote equal opportunities for all.
We shall be secure in nothing . . . until we have economic power.
Noble Drew Ali
An Enterprising Spirit: Resources
Center for Black Business History, Entrepreneurship, and Technology
The University of Texas at Austin
History and Legacy of Black Entrepreneurship in the United States
Keller Center at Princeton University