Skip to Content

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

Black and white photgraph of 6 Black children standing in a line with hands by theri side.  There are 2 boys and 4 girls pictured.  The children are dressed up for school and look directly at the camera

Plessy v. Ferguson

Advertisement for East Louisiana Railroad, the train company chosen for a desegregation test case.

Advertisement for East Louisiana Railroad, the train company chosen for a desegregation test case.

The Comité’s Case

No State shall…deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Excerpt from the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment, 1868

Lloyd Gaines during the Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada suit

Lloyd Gaines during the Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada suit

Separate but Equal in Topeka

Linda Brown in class at Monroe Elementary (first desk in second row from right)

Students outside of Buchanan School, Topeka, Kansas, 1953

Linda Brown in class at Monroe Elementary (first desk in second row from right)

Students outside of Buchanan School, Topeka, Kansas, 1953

Chart made by NAACP legal scholars and lawyers dissecting the 14th Amendment’s history and court precedents.

Tracing the 14th Amendment’s Original Intentions

Thurgood Marshall with Ada Lois Sipuel

Thurgood Marshall with Ada Lois Sipuel

Securing Civil Rights

The Supreme Court Rejects “Separate but Equal”

Spottswood Bolling, a plaintiff in the combined cases to abolish segregation and his mother reading the newspaper on May 17, 1954

Spottswood Bolling, a plaintiff in the combined cases to abolish segregation and his mother reading the newspaper on May 17, 1954

Broadcasting Desegregation

Opening page of video "GOING TO SCHOOL TOGETHER, OUR TIMES NO. 2

The United States Information Agency produced this newsclip the year the Supreme Court issued its Brown ruling. It was produced, in part, to promote American equality to foreign audiences.

Children protesting segregation in Hillsboro, Ohio, 1956

Children protesting segregation in Hillsboro, Ohio, 1956